According to the US Energy Information Administration, US petroleum and natural gas production increased by 16% and by 12%, respectively, in 2018, and these totals combined established a new production record. The US surpassed Russia in 2011 to become the world's largest producer of natural gas and surpassed Saudi Arabia in 2018 to become the world's largest producer of petroleum. Last year’s increase in the US was one of the largest absolute petroleum and natural gas production increases from a single country in history.
For the US and Russia, petroleum and natural gas production is almost evenly split; Saudi Arabia's production heavily favours petroleum. Petroleum production is composed of several types of liquid fuels, including crude oil and lease condensate, natural gas plant liquids (NGPLs), and bitumen. The US produced 28.7 quadrillion Btu of petroleum in 2018, which was composed of 80% crude oil and condensate and 20% NGPLs.
US crude oil production increased by 17% in 2018, setting a new record of nearly 11.0 million bpd, equivalent to 22.8 quadrillion Btu in energy terms. Production in the Permian region of western Texas and eastern New Mexico contributed to most of the growth in US crude oil production. The US also produced 4.3 million bpd of NGPLs in 2018, equivalent to 5.8 quadrillion Btu. US NGPL production has more than doubled since 2008, when the market for NGPLs began to expand.
US dry natural gas production increased by 12% in 2018 to 28.5 billion ft3/d, or 31.5 quadrillion Btu, reaching a new record high for the second year in a row. Ongoing growth in LNG export capacity and the expanded ability to reach new markets have supported increases in US natural gas production.
Russia’s crude oil and natural gas production also reached record levels in 2018, encouraged by increasing global demand. Russia exports most of the crude oil that it produces to European countries and to China. Since 2016, nearly 60% of Russia’s crude oil exports have gone to European member countries in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Russia’s crude oil is also an important source of supply to China and neighbouring countries.
Russia’s natural gas production increased by 7% in 2018, which exceeded the growth in exports. The Yamal LNG export facility, which loaded its first cargo in December 2017, can liquefy more than 16 million tpy of natural gas and accounts for almost all of the recent growth in Russia’s LNG exports. Since 2000, more than 80% of Russia’s natural gas exports have been sent to Europe.
Saudi Arabia’s annual average crude oil production increased slightly in 2018, but it remained lower than in 2016, when Saudi Arabia’s crude oil output reached a record high. Saudi Arabia’s crude oil production reached an all-time monthly high in November 2018 before the December 2018 agreement by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to extend production cuts.
In addition to exporting and refining crude oil, Saudi Arabia consumes crude oil directly for electricity generation, which makes Saudi Arabian crude oil consumption highest in the summer when electricity demand for space cooling is relatively high. Since 2016, Saudi Arabia’s direct crude oil burn for electric power generation has decreased for a number of reasons, including demand reductions from a partial withdraw of power subsidies, greater use of residual fuel oil, and increased availability of domestic natural gas.
Crude oil exports account for about 60% of Saudi Arabia’s total economic output. China, along with Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and the US remain critical markets for Saudi Arabia’s petroleum exports.
Principal contributors: Bill Brown and Ari Kahan
Read the article online at: https://www.hydrocarbonengineering.com/refining/20082019/us-leads-global-petroleum-and-natural-gas-production/