Carbon capture consists of extracting the CO2 produced by large polluting industrial units, then putting it under pressure before injecting it into a geological storage area. In post-combustion capture, the CO2 is separated from other gases by absorption in a chemical solvent. Currently, the challenge facing research is to significantly increase the energy performances in this stage, the costliest part of the CSC process, to make this process more competitive.
A consortium of 11 European stakeholders including ArcelorMittal, Axens, IFP Energies nouvelles (IFPEN) and Total, is launching a project to demonstrate an innovative process for capturing CO2 from industrial activities – the DMXTM project. It is part of a more comprehensive study dedicated to the development of the future European Dunkirk North Sea Capture and Storage Cluster.
The ‘3D’ project (for DMXTM Demonstration in Dunkirk) is part of Horizon 2020, the European Union’s research and innovation program. The project has a €19.3-million budget over four years, including €14.8 million in European Union subsidies. Coordinated by IFPEN, the ‘3D’ project brings together other 10 partners from research and industry from six European countries: ArcelorMittal, Axens, Total, ACP, Brevik Engineering, CMI, DTU, Gassco, RWTH and Uetikon.
The objective is threefold:
- Demonstrate the effectiveness of the DMXTM process on a pilot industrial scale.
- Prepare the implementation of a first industrial unit at the ArcelorMittal site in Dunkirk, which could be operational starting in 2025. It should be able to capture more than 125 tph of CO2, i.e. more than one million t of CO2 a year.
- Design the future European Dunkirk North Sea Cluster, which should be able to capture, pack, transport and store 10 million tpy of CO2 and should be operational by the year 2035. This cluster will be backed up by the packing and transport infrastructures for storing CO2 in the North Sea developed by other projects such as the Northern Lights project that Total is already involved in.
The pilot, designed by Axens, will be built starting in 2020 at the ArcelorMittal steelworks site in Dunkirk and will be able to capture 0.5 tph of CO2 from steelmaking gases by 2021.
The DMXTM process, a patented process stemming from IFPEN’s Research and to be marketed by Axens, uses a solvent that reduces the energy consumption for capture by nearly 35% compared to the reference process. Additionally, using the heat produced on site will cut capture costs in half, to less than €30 per t of CO2.
The ‘3D’ project’s ambition is to validate replicable technical solutions and to achieve industrial deployment of Capture & Storage technology around the world. It should play a major role in enabling industries with high energy consumption and CO2 emissions, such as the steel industry, to reduce their emissions. This project is an essential lever for meeting the targets of the Paris Agreement on global warming.
“Commercial-scale pilots, such as Dunkirk’s, are vital to make carbon capture, utilisation and storage technologies more competitive, supporting the growth of low-carbon industry,” points out Marie-Noelle Semeria, Senior Vice President and Group Chief Technology Officer at Total. “Total aspires to become a major player in CCUS technologies, which are vital to achieving carbon neutrality in the second half of the century, and we are happy to be involved alongside our European partners.”
Read the article online at: https://www.hydrocarbonengineering.com/the-environment/29052019/consortium-of-european-companies-launches-the-3d-project-for-carbon-capture/