Skip to main content

EIA: US refinery capacity decreased during 2021

Published by , Editorial Assistant
Hydrocarbon Engineering,

Operable atmospheric crude oil distillation capacity, the primary measure of refinery capacity in the US, totalled 17.9 million bbl/d as of 1 January 2022, down 1% from the beginning of 2021. According to our annual Refinery Capacity Report, 2021 was the second consecutive year of decreasing refinery capacity.

The EIA publishes two measures of US refinery capacity: bbl/d and BPSD. Calendar day capacity represents the operator’s estimate of the input that a distillation unit can process over a 24 hr period under usual operating conditions, taking into account the effects of both planned and unplanned maintenance.

Stream day capacity reflects the maximum input that a distillation facility can process within a 24 hr period when running at full capacity with an optimal crude oil and product slate and with no allowance for downtime. Stream day capacity is typically about 6% higher than calendar day capacity.

Although US refining capacity decreased in 2021, the number of operable refineries in the US increased from 129 refineries to 130 refineries. Two new facilities came online in 2021, but a much larger refinery shut down. The new facilities are the Texas International Terminals facility in Galveston, Texas, where a 45 000 bpd atmospheric distillation unit was built at a refined products terminal, and the Talley Asphalt Products facility in Kern, California, where a 1700 bpd distillation unit was reported as part of an asphalt plant.

The Phillips 66 refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana, (also called the Alliance refinery) stopped refining operations following substantial flooding related to Hurricane Ida in late 2021. This refinery had an operating capacity of 255 600 bpd.

Because the 2022 Refinery Capacity Report reflects conditions as of the beginning of the year, it does not incorporate a few reductions in US refining capacity announced later in 2022. In April 2022, LyondellBasell announced that its 263 800 bpd refinery in Houston will close by the end of 2023. In May 2022, Phillips 66 announced plans to stop refining petroleum at its 120 200 bpd Rodeo refinery in California, while the facility transitions to refining biofuels.

Read the article online at:

You might also like


Embed article link: (copy the HTML code below):


This article has been tagged under the following:

US Energy Information Administration news