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EIA: Norway remains a significant natural gas supplier to the EU

Published by , Editorial Assistant
Hydrocarbon Engineering,

Norway is among the top 10 natural gas producing nations in the world and has always been an important source of natural gas to the EU. Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine at the end of February 2022 resulted in significant declines in natural gas imports to the EU, particularly starting in June 2022, increasing Norway’s importance as a source of natural gas to the region.

Norway is not a member of the EU, but it is an important trade partner and a member of the European Economic Area. According to our updated Country Analysis Brief: in March 2022, the Norwegian government authorised an increase of approximately 0.14 billion ft3/d of natural gas production by the end of 2022, primarily from two existing fields. In 2021, Norway produced 11.1 billion ft3/d of natural gas.

In 1990, Norway exported nearly all (92%) of the 2.7 billion ft3/d it produced. In the 40 years since then, that ratio has remained fairly stable: Norway exports 94% of its annual production, on average. In 2021, Norway was the third-largest exporter of natural gas in the world after Russia and the US.

Most of Norway’s natural gas exports are shipped via the country’s extensive export pipeline infrastructure, with smaller volumes exported as LNG. In June 2022, Norway reopened its Hammerfest LNG facility, which could allow for an increase in natural gas exports by about 0.7 billion ft3/d in 2022. Hammerfest processes natural gas from the nearby Snøhvit field in the Barents Sea. In 2019, the last year the liquefaction facility was fully operational, 5% of Norway’s natural gas exports were shipped as LNG.

In 2021, Norway invested nearly 4%, or US$18 billion, of its gross domestic product in crude oil and natural gas extraction and pipeline transportation.

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