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Optimising the natural resource

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Hydrocarbon Engineering,

With increasing pressure on manufacturers to reduce energy costs, improve production performance and maximise margins, those industry leaders who invest in the skills matrix and empower the workforce with innovative technologies are transforming their fortunes. An efficient business relies on organisational excellence. Extracting maximum value from a manufacturing asset needs the adoption best practices and the use of innovative technology. However, it is the investment in skills and expertise that ultimately determines successful outcomes.

The Middle East has traditionally relied on expat engineers to fulfil key roles in the oil & gas, petrochemical and E&C markets. With competition from Asia, finding the right skills is becoming more challenging. As the demand for specialist skills increases, many companies and governments are investing heavily in nurturing indigenous workers. While academia still plays a role in developing the next generation of engineers, local talent is being employed by Middle East companies to work and train on the job and build experience. An effective Skills Matrix defines people’s proficiency with specific knowledge and expertise required to fulfil roles within the organisation. This talent can be channelled into vital areas of the business, such as cost estimating, process engineering, planning and scheduling, process safety, data analytics and many other essential disciplines.

The Middle East has enormous scope to set industry standards for refining, petrochemicals and chemicals by achieving operational excellence from design through to production. The combination of investment in human resource and technology helps drive commercial opportunities and overcome fluctuations in energy prices and feedstock availability. For example, with the growth in emerging markets for basic chemicals and plastics, Middle East operators can maximise potential with advanced process optimisation software and empower local talent to drive efficiencies across the enterprise that will give the region’s manufacturers a greater strategic advantage.

Integrating the workforce

The traditional reliance on an expatriate workforce has led the region to further its efforts to develop indigenous engineering staff and empower them with cutting-edge software technology to create a skills matrix across key disciplines that can grow the region’s industrial infrastructure and long-term prosperity.

The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) petrochemicals sector is a large employer of engineers. According to data released by the Gulf Petrochemicals and Chemicals Association (GPCA), the petrochemical and chemical industry, along with its supporting sectors in the Arabian Gulf region, employed over half a million people through direct and indirect jobs in 2013. Strengthened by a rapidly expanding petrochemical sector and multi-billion dollar investments, Saudi Arabia’s petrochemical industry directly employed 83 700 people, accounting for over half of the Gulf’s petrochemical industry’s workforce. The UAE is the region’s second largest market in terms of people, employing 38 100 professionals, just over 25% of the region’s chemical employees.

Saudi Aramco is a good example of a company with a vision for the future. It has a professional on-boarding programme (POP), designed to accelerate the development of new engineering graduates, with the aim of integrating them into the workforce. The programme teaches young engineers both technical and non-technical skills, covering interpersonal effectiveness and an understanding of Saudi Aramco’s business. As the company expands its business, nurturing talent will help Saudi Aramco to move beyond its conventional oil and gas production and support their business quest to be a leader in the full lifecycle of unconventional shale gas development.

A company’s effective organisation relies on planning and sharing expertise across the network to ensure the value of knowledge is retained and forms a sustainable programme of best practice and employee excellence. For instance, the world’s largest chemical complex ever built in a single phase, Sadara in Jubail Industrial City, Saudi Arabia, is a game changing venture developed by The Dow Chemical Company and Saudi Aramco. Its related investments are expected to generate thousands of direct and indirect employment opportunities and as of July 2014, Sadara had more than 3200 employees, the majority of which being Saudi nationals. The technologies adopted by Sadara include the world's most advanced and energy efficient software optimisation tools, which empower staff to ensure the project delivers the highest standards of performance, environmental sustainability and operational safety.

Technology supports workforce development

Managing talent across a diverse workforce is challenging. The complexities of a multi-generational and multicultural staff mean that employers must embrace a range of measures to ensure that employees are regularly trained and fully equipped with the appropriate tools. This will create a productive working environment and bridge the gap between retiring veterans and the new generation of engineers looking for employment.

Software innovation brings enormous benefits to achieving operational excellence. In turn, integrated applications are also equipped with built-in training tools and online help facilities to enable both experienced and new engineers to seamlessly collaborate across the operation in areas, such as developing a conceptual design, flare systems analysis and capital project estimating. Software tools today are intuitive, easy-to-use and packed with innovations that automate many menial tasks, allowing engineers to concentrate on areas that help meet operational and economic goals. For example, aspenONE suite bridges the skills gap between retiring veterans and younger engineers, equipping staff with integrated, easy-to-use technology with embedded training functionalities. The software accelerates professional development of junior engineers, whilst maintaining a corporate knowledge base that survives personnel changes and retirements.

The big prize gained from providing staff with the appropriate tools is that integrated process engineering delivers tangible results, including improving process engineering workflow around 10%; 30% capital and operating cost savings due to inherently better designs; a 10 – 20% improvement in engineering quality and a 10 – 20% improvement in engineering efficiency. Breakthrough innovations in the latest releases of integrated software allow users to become proficient more rapidly, bringing the power of optimisation to more people in engineering, operations, planning and scheduling across the enterprise.

Organisational excellence

To future-proof long-term business in the oil, gas and petrochemicals industry, the main focus needs to be on optimising a company’s biggest asset: people. An integrated holistic approach to human resource planning, organisational optimisation and operational efficiency enables companies to respond quickly to challenges in the plant and improve business margins. Organisational excellence aligns key functions and incorporates Skills Matrix containing vital information needed to achieve the harmony between people and technology. We all understand the importance of making the most of the natural carbon resource in the energy industry. Ultimately, investment in the local human resource is widely understood to build crucial skills and create a sustainable legacy for future generations.

Written by Ossama Tawfick, VP Sales, MENA, AspenTech.

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