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United States Senate: US crude exports

Hydrocarbon Engineering,


A group of US Senators have written to President Obama in opposition of lifting the US crude oil export ban. Below are extracts from the letter.

“Repealing or weakening the crude oil export ban could harm our national security. Despite the production gains we have seen in recent years, the US still imports roughly 5 million bbls of oil every day from foreign nations. We are neck and neck with China as the world’s largest oil importers. Moreover, the Department of Energy (DOE) does not forecast that we will eliminate our dependence on foreign oil in future years. In DOE’s recently released Annual Energy Outlook 2015, the reference case projects that US crude oil production will peak in 2020 and then decline through 2040. Even at peak production in 2020, the Department of Energy forecasts that we will continue to import millions of barrels of oil a day. From the perspective of US energy security, it is premature to contemplate lifting the ban on exporting domestically, produced crude oil when we still, and projected to remain, dependent on millions of barrels of foreign oil every day.”

Consumers

“We are concerned that lifting the crude oil export ban could harm American consumers by raising US energy prices. Recent lower gas prices are acting like a massive stimulus for middle class families and small businesses across the country. Economists generally note that every penny reduction in gas prices translates into US$1 billion in consumer savings. US oil prices have been trading at a significant discount to international oil prices in recent years. A recent Barclays report found that US consumers saved US$11.4 billion last year at the pump because of lower US oil prices. When the price of crude oil makes up nearly half of the cost of gasoline, we are concerned that allowing US oil to be sold overseas at higher prices could increase prices here.”

Businesses

“Repealing or weakening the export ban could harm US businesses. Despite the claims of some, the US refining industry is responding to our increasing oil production and increasing production of lighter crude oils. Industry analysts report that there are at least 800 000 bpd of refinery capacity additions or upgrades that are in the works. Many of these refinery upgrades involve investments of US$300 million per refinery or more and many of these investments are designed to handle our increasing production of lighter crude oils. Creating uncertainty about lifting the export ban will jeopardise these refinery investments, and hurt our ability to create good paying, American jobs. The Energy Information Administration has found that lifting the ban could lead to nearly US$9 billion less investment in the US refining sector over the next decade. Outsourcing more of our refining capacity also makes America more dependent on other nations for our supply of critical transportation and heating fuels, hurting our domestic energy security.”

Regional impacts

“Moreover, lifting the crude export ban could have important negative regional impacts. For example, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) has noted that some stakeholders have highlighted the potential that lifting the export ban could increase prices and threaten refineries in the Midwest and Northeast. Lifting the crude export ban could adversely affect the ability of some refineries to compete with foreign refineries. The Energy Information Administration (EIA)had previously found that closing refineries in the Northeast could lead to price spikes, increased volatility and supply shortages in the region. We are concerned about the impact that refinery closures could have on consumers across the country. Crude oil exports could also result in more oil being transported across the US via rail and pipeline, which could increase the chance of derailments and serious accidents across the country or spills that can harm public health and the environment.”

Edited from letter by Claira Lloyd

Read the article online at: https://www.hydrocarbonengineering.com/refining/17072015/us-exports-letter/


 

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