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US refinery update

Hydrocarbon Engineering,

According to the Energy information Administration (EIA) Refinery Capacity Report 2014, there were 139 operating refineries and three idle refineries in the US. Total atmospheric crude oil distillation capacity is 17.9 million bpd, representing a 101 000 bpd increase in capacity from 1 January 2013.

In 2013, four refineries changed ownership. Nustar Refining sold its San Antonio, Texas, refinery to Calumet Specialty Products Partners. BP sold two refineries, one in Texas City, Texas to Marathon Petroleum Corporation, and another in Carson, California, to Tesoro Corporation. Tesoro sold its Ewa Beach, Hawaii, refinery to Par Petroleum Corp.

Tesoro is now the 7th largest refinery in the US, measured by atmospheric crude oil distillation unit (ACDU) capacity. BP is now the 10th. BP now has less than half of the refining capacity that it had after it merged with Amoco in 1998.

Valero Energy Corporation remains the largest US refiner, with total ACDU capacity of more than 1.9 million bpd. ExxonMobil Corporation is second at almost 1.9 million bpd. Marathon Petroleum Corporation became the third largest refiner when it purchased the Texas City refinery from BP, and now has a capacity of 1.7 million bpd. Phillips 66 fell to fourth largest and Motiva remains fifth. Combined, these five companies own 45% of the total US refining capacity.

Tesoro is now the largest refiner on the West Coast, following its purchase of the Carson refinery. According to the EIA, refinery ownership in other regions is mostly unchanged from last year. PBF Energy Corp and Marathon Petroleum still lead the East Coast and Midwest in refining capacity, respectively. Valero has the most capacity in the Gulf Coast region, and Suncor has the most capacity in the Rocky Mountains.

EIA has highlighted that increased crude production in the Bakken formation in North Dakota and the Eagle Ford in South Texas has spurred the construction of two new refineries that are expected to come online by the end of 2014. Kinder Morgan plans to start up a 50 000 bpd initial phase of a condensate processing facility on the Houston Ship Channel in November, and Dakota Prairie Refining LLC expects to start operations at the 20 000 bpd refinery in Dickinson, North Dakota, in December. These will be the first two new refineries built in the US since 2008, when a 5000 bpd refinery opened in Douglas, Wyoming.

Adapted from a press release by Emma McAleavey.

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