- Azerbaijan is among the oldest oil producers in the world.
- Oil and natural gas production and export are central to economic growth.
- The country is one of the Caspian region’s most important strategic export routes to the West.
- Azerbaijan’s importance as a natural gas supplier will grow in the future as field development and export infrastructure expand.
- Natural gas accounted for approximately 67% of total domestic energy consumption in 2012.
- Oil accounted for 30% of total energy use in 2012.
- Overall, Azerbaijan is a net energy exporter.
- The country swaps small volumes of natural gas with Iran.
- More than 90% of total exports are accounted for by oil and gas.
Oil and oil products
- As of January 2014, proven crude oil reserves were estimated at 7 billion bbls.
- In 2013, Azerbaijan produced 881 000 bpd of petroleum and other liquids and consumed approximately 85 000 bpd.
- The world’s first paraffin factory was opened in Azerbaijan in 1823.
- Almost immediately following its independence in 1991 from the Soviet Union, the country allowed foreign participation in its oil sector.
- In general, hydrocarbons are produced under production sharing agreements.
- SOCAR produces approximately 20% of the country’s oil output.
- SOCAR’s Geneva based subsidiary Socar Trading markets much of the oil.
- The industry is regulated by the Ministry of Industry and Energy.
- Oil production increased from 315 000 bpd in 2002 to 1 million bpd in 2010.
- Production has declined since 2010, falling to 932 000 bpd in 2012 and 881 300 bpd in 2013.
- The EIA expects production to drop to 852 000 bpd this year.
- Azerbaijan produces three grades of crude oil. SOCAR produced bbls, Azeri BTC and Azeri Light.
- The country exported approximately 738 000 bpd of crude in 2013.
- Crude oil exports peaked in 2010, but have fallen every year since as production has declined.
- Azerbaijan is mainly a crude oil and condensate exporter.
- The majority of refined products exported go to Russia and Georgia.
- As of January 2014, there was a crude oil refining capacity of 399 000 bpd.
- Crude oil is refined domestically by two refineries.
- The Baku refinery has a capacity of 239 000 bpd and the New Baku refinery at 160 000 bpd.
- In January this year, proven natural gas reserves were approximately 35 trillion ft3.
- In 2012, Azerbaijan produced 607 billion ft3 of dry natural gas and consumed 379 billion ft3.
- Natural gas plays a critical role domestically and its importance is likely to grow in the future.
- Azerigaz, a SOCAR subsidiary, is responsible for natural gas, processing, transport, distribution and storage, mainly in the domestic market.
- Azerbaijan became a net exporter of natural gas in 2007.
- In 2013, Azerbaijan exported approximately 240 billion ft3.
- Most of the natural gas exported is destined for Turkey, but some small supplies go to Greece.
Adapted by Claira Lloyd
Read the article online at: https://www.hydrocarbonengineering.com/gas-processing/04082014/azerbaijan-oil-gas-eia/