Wilhelmsen Ships Service has advised vessel operators to wage war on soot. According to WSS, soot accumulation in a ship’s exhaust gas boiler (EGB) is a serious issue, leading to reduced EGB efficiency, significant cleaning costs, corrosion, and the risk of soot fires. However, a simple post-combustion fuel treatment can solve all these problems, at negligible cost.
Refined heavy marine fuels are full of contaminants, which leave deposits when burnt. These particles, soot, pass through vessel exhaust valves and turbo chargers, continuing with the flue gases until they reach the EGB where they stick to the boiler’s heat transfer surfaces and impair its efficiency.
Jonas Östlund, WSS Product Marketing Manager, Marine Products, Oil, explained, “Just like any heat exchanger, an obstructive deposit will reduce the transfer of heat and therefore reduce the efficiency of the equipment,” he noted. “Soot deposits are particularly effective at reducing heat transfer as they insulate extremely well. A 1 mm layer of soot can reduce EGB efficiency by 10%. Left to build up to a 3 mm layer, EGB efficiency can be reduced by up to 50%.
“Obviously this calls for cleaning, with typical EGBs requiring around five hours of cleaning during port calls, usually every two to three months. This means labour, equipment, and the disposal of wash water that contains acidic soot – the latter being something currently up for regulatory discussion, with an expectation that it will have to be disposed of onshore, at extra cost. So, the cleaning task is more than a minor hassle – it’s a major inefficiency, cost and labour burden for the engine room.”
Cleaning and EGB inefficiency are the most obvious problems, but it doesn’t stop there. Östlund states that unburnt fuel and lubricants can also be deposited in the EGB. These lower the ignition temperature of soot, and increase the risk of soot fires.
“These can permanently damage the ECB and, although uncommon, pose a very real threat,” he said. “In addition, cold corrosion is also a factor. Sulfur in the fuel reacts with oxygen during combustion to form sulfur dioxide and sulfur trioxide. When the temperature drops below 135°C, which occurs in EGBs operating at low velocities, the sulfur trioxide reacts with the moisture in the air and forms sulfuric acid. This is very corrosive to tube surfaces, and affects metal in a similar way to rust.”
In the case of WSS’ proprietary Unitor offer, it is automatically dosed four times a day, dispensed as a fine mist that condensates onto the soot and continues to oxidise it. The result being that almost no soot is deposited in the EGB. The solution is active from 180°C, making it suitable for the low exhaust gas temperatures associated with slow steaming.
Edited from press release by Angharad Lock
Read the article online at: https://www.hydrocarbonengineering.com/clean-fuels/26052016/wss-wages-war-on-soot-3396/